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5. One disadvantage of the written constitution is that it is more rigid and may therefore be less responsive and adaptable than an unwritten one. For instance, a unitary system of government, which is usually small in size and good for a homogeneous population needs a flexible and easily amenable constitution for quick decision making of government. For example, there are no state National Guard that could be dispatched in emergency, troops would have to be mobilized from national authority. Take for instance, in Nigeria, the powers of the executive, legislature and executives are provided for in section 4, 5 and 6 of the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria respectively. Also read: Best science courses to study in the university 2020. A written constitution is thus a safeguard of individual liberty. 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Toronto Detectives, It reduces the incidence of friction between the various arms and organs of the government, since their powers and functions are clearly spelt out and limited by the constitution. Although, other laws may be incorporated into it by reference in its provisions. Meanwhile, before going to the crux of this article, i would like to explain, briefly, what a written constitution is, with examples of some of the countries that has a written constitution in the world today. Difficult to ascertain the unconstitutionality of an act. Fear of a tyrannical national government was a motivating factor behind federalism, separation of powers, and the Bill of Rights. The Rule in Smith v Selwyn: facts, issues and decision of the court, Types of evidence: See the 8 Types of Judicial Evidence in law, Exceptions to the rule in Adams v Lindsell, Donoghue v Stevenson: Facts, Issues and Decision of the court, Cheapest Universities to study law in Nigeria, Major Tools For Economic Analysis (Explained), Features of Lyttleton Constitution of 1954, Merits, Demerits & Features of Macpherson Constitution of 1951, Merits, Demerits & Features of Clifford Constitution of 1922, Positive and Negative Effects of Colonialism in Africa, Why Indirect Rule Succeeded in Northern Nigeria: 7 Reasons, Why Indirect Rule Was Adopted In Nigeria: 8 Reasons, Differences Between Policy of Assimilation and Indirect Rule, Advantages and Disadvantages of Proportional Representation, Reasons for the Partial Success of Indirect Rule In the West, How to Register a Business Name in Nigeria Online, Youngest Governors in Nigeria and Their Age (2020), Functions and Duties of the Nigerian Police Force, Advantages and Disadvantages of One-party System, Differences Between Federal and Unitary System of Government. Incubus 5e, One of the reasons for this is because, it is easier and faster to consult or reference a written constitution. 2. 1. This brings us to another advantage of a written constitution, which is that it reduces the clash of functions of the arms of government. Ratified in 1788, the document contains 27 amendments is readily available to read online. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U.S. political system. It is also easily looses track of local issues. Effingham County Rebels Mascot, Federalism’s Disadvantages Critics argue that federalism falls short in two ways: Prevents the creation of a national policy: The United States does not have a single policy on issues; instead, it has fifty-one policies, which often leads to confusion. Below are the demerits of a written constitution: The fact that a written constitution is difficult to amend is both an advantage and a disadvantage at the same time. It lays emphasis on rule of law. In my view, the best type of constitution depends solely on the political nature of the state/country in question. It does not allow for flexibility. One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. DISADVANTAGES OF A FEDERAL CONS'TITUTIONAL CONVENTION Ralph M. Carson*?^g"C ONVENTIONS are serious things and ought not to be repeated." Costa Rica Animals, I enjoin you to read this topic carefully if you really want to grasp the information contained in it. Audl Rules, 3. 15 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism. Learn More. A written constitution is a type of constitution that is contained in a single document. This is the key characteristic of a written constitution. A constitution is a set of rules that establish duties and functions of the government and defines the basic principles to which society must conform. Federalism also comes with drawbacks. 21 Leading Case in the law of contract you should know, Richest lawyers in Nigeria and their networth, Best lawyers in Nigeria: most prominent lawyers in Nigeria. Another advantage and reason why most countries prefer a written constitution to an unwritten constitution is because, it cannot be easily tempered with. 7 The public funds will be allocated to real need of people. Also see: Features of Clifford Constitution of 1922. The advantages of an unwritten constitution far outweigh the disadvantages (40) You must make a judgement. By doing this, no organ of government will be in control of excessive powers. When a centralized government is not the only power in a count… It is usually unclear and uncertain. 3. Strengths of the Constitution. So far, i have explained the meaning of bicameralism or bicameral legislature. Disadvantages of an unwritten constitution. Describe the primary differences in the role of citizens in government among the federal, confederation, and unitary systems. This was exemplified when the states led the struggle against the political broadcasts ban in 1991. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Britain Constitution 1449 Words | 6 Pages. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. That this right of exit is a political right as important but much older than the right to vote is obvious from the events leading up to the fall of the Soviet Union. This is obviously the case in most African countries today. It is free from doubts and ambiguity. Federalism 3. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full credit is given to OldNaija which must include appropriate and specific backlink to the original content on our website. The UK, on the other hand, appears to have an unwritten constitution. Baldwin County High School, Explain the disadvantages of federalism The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Since component units are g… Workingirls Streaming, A constitution is a framework of legislation and principles that govern a country or state. The disadvantages of using this type of system are it has slow government response. This definition also state that the rules are codified in a document known as the constitution. Further, its easier to give specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries. Now that you have known the merits of a written constitution, it is important to also highlight the demerits of this type of constitution too. These words of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney of North Caro-lina spoken in the closing debate of the Philadelphia Convention, September 15, 1787, are pertinent today to the suggestion sometimes Helpful in meeting emergencies since it can be easily amended. Take for instance, in Nigeria there is the 1999 constitution which is the Supreme law. Your email address will not be published. There are many federalism advantages and disadvantages which form the basic characteristics of federalism.These benefits and demerits affect the nation immensely. 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Constitutional Monarchy. In fact, it requires the consent of almost every member of the state for the constitution to the changed. Ten Advantages of a Federal Constitution: And How to Make the Most of Them sheds new light on the current constitutional debate by outlining why a federal system of government excels. Hope this article was helpful? Bscholarly is an education and legal blog that is focused on disseminating Legal tips/news, Court judgments, Case Summaries, Admission News and school tips for scholars all over the world. Frequently litigations leads to delays in government activities and it also presents the problem of interpretation of the provisions of the constitution among the judges, while the judges are liberal, visionary, forward looking and progressive, others may be conservative, timid or more executive than the executive in interpretating the constitution whereby slowing down the pace of legal reform and development of a country. New Zealand does not have a written consititution. Amendments Process: Change can come to the Constitution, but protections are in place to protect it from political whims and mass public hysteria. This is where I will stop in today’s article. 3. Kettle Creek Malt Whiskey, Korean Dog Meat Farm Rescue, Describe the advantages of federalism. In Nigeria, for instance, it is very difficult to tamper with the provisions of the constitution. It may encourage frequent litigation, as people can easily know when their rights have been breached: It is suitable for a heterogeneous state alone. Land Conservancy Of Canada, This has already been explained in the point above. Read the full details and features of the Richards constitution here. The Soviet authorities well knew that if their subjects should ever seize or be granted that right, the commun… Federal decentralisation makes governments easier for the people to supervise and results in better decisionmaking. In this article, i will disclose the advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution. This is why there is still arguments amongst as to whether a written constitution is the best type of constitution or not. The Constitution of the United States provides for a separation of powers to exist between state and federal governments. Unlike an unwritten constitution where the rules are not contained in one document, it is often easier to interpret and understand the intention of the legislature (Law Making body) when the rules are contained in one document because reading all the sections of the constitution can help in interpretation of one section. Federalism is a system of government where power is divided between several different entities. It provides continuity to the government. Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism; The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. It provides a system of equality to the government structure. Advantage And Disadvantages Of Federalism. Scale The origins of democracy can be traced to ancient and medieval city states where citizens were able to participate directly in political life. Copyright © 2020 Bscholarly LLC | All Rights Reserved, Advantages of a written constitution (Merits), It is easy to understand the content of the constitution, It reduces clash of functions of the arms of government, Disadvantages of a written constitution (Demerits), It may not favour every part of the state. This is unlike an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document. Weaknesses of the Constitution. The people are given ... 2. It is the view of many politicians and academics globally that a constitution should grow with the society in keeping with that particular time in the historical development of the country. Unauthorized use or duplication of our contents without express and written permission from us is strictly prohibited. How have the political and economic relationships between the states and federal government evolved since the early 1800s? Strengths of the Constitution. Stark economic differences across states have a profound effect on the well-being of … It is submitted by legal scholars that the ammendment procedure of a written constitution should not be too rigid, but reasonable with a sprinkling of justifiable safeguards to guard against frivolous, unjust and selfish amendments. Arguably, the most well-known is the US constitution. Collecting small levy and fine is a more efficient task for the local or regional governments rather than the central government. Evidence comes in the form of the limited number of amendments since 1787. Mathis Airport Gravestones, Essential in a Federation: A written constitution is essential for a federation. 1. 10. but on the other hand it is a disadvantage of a written constitution because that will lead to slow government activities and may also lead to the ineffectiveness of the government due to the fact that it has to answer to all the actions brought against it by citizens of the state. More so, a written constitution makes it  very easy for citizens to make reference to the constitution as the only Supreme law of the land that should guide them but this will not be possible where the constitution is not documented in a single document. A written and rigid constitution is more suitable for a federal, multi-tier system of government, a diverse population with minorities and advantaged groups, a so forth in under to allay fear of misrule, marginalization and injustice. ADVANTAGES 1. A written constitution is usually interpreted strictly. THE DRAWBACKS OF FEDERALISM. The Advantipages And Disadvantages Of Federalism 738 Words | 3 Pages. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Cedartown High School Football Coach, Kindly drop a message in the comment box below if you found this article interesting. This is unlike an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document. Features of democracy: 7 Key Features of a Democratic government, See the characteristics of customary law in Nigeria, Pillars of democracy: 4 major pillars of a democratic government. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. Corroborating this definition, Politics.co.uk defines a written constitution as a formal document defining the nature of the constitutional settlement, the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form. Since the rules and regulations guiding the state are not contained in one single document, there is always ... 2. The socio-economic stability of a country depends on all these factors. Since it is trying to take the place of federal and state governments, the unitary governments typical get bloated and bog… This common misconception stems from the fact that the l… © 2014 - 2020 | All Rights Reserved | OldNaija, advantages and disadvantages of richards constitution. Advantages: It defines the nation, its structure, and powers and lack of powers, and thereby guarantees order and (mostly) liberty. Below are the merits and demerits (advantages and disadvantages)…. O'hare Airport Departures, As I have stated before, a written constitution is not free from flaws. In most heterogeneous countries of the world, written constitution is used to bring about a uniform law in the state so as to promote unity and growth in the state. Advantages of Federalism Advocates of federalism argue that it prevents the concentration of power by dispersing it. It usually spell out the procedure for its amendment as may be necessary to meet the changing needs of the country. Every form of government has certain pros and cons. Arguably, the most well-known is the US constitution. THE BENEFITS OF FEDERALISM Federal Government Directory, Federalism Advantages and Disadvantages. Throughout history, it has been a political system where 2+ governments share authority over the same geographical area. Federalism is the divided powers between authorities in the nation; the local, state and national. Carroll County Schools Coronavirus, advantages and disadvantages of constitution, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Henry County, Ohio Board Of Commissioners. Governance becomes easier. Where its provisions are inadequate, it may not favour some sections of the country, and it may lead to disaffection and violent outburst as it provisions cannot be quickly amended to address the grievances. No Rest For The Wicked Meme, Written constitution is usually rigid in nature because of its mode of amendment and it cannot be frivolously tampered with, although it can be amended when found necessary. advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution. As I have already stated, a written constitution is best suitable in a heterogeneous society. Lord Bamford House Barbados, Advantages and disadvantages of federalism The rationale for federalism Federalism is offered as an institutional solution to the problems associated with scale and diversity. Since the constitution is contained in one single document, it is very easy for anyone to consult or make reference to the constitution as a whole. In this way, a written constitution may help to ensure stability and also promote the principle of separation of powers amongst the organs of the government. of government they deem will be most receptive to their policy views. Some advantages of a flexible constitution include: Its ability to change quickly in accordance with changes in the social and political environment of the society and the state. The federal division of powers hampers the rise of despotic central government and thus protects liberty. A federal government presupposes the division of powers between the central government and the governments of the units. Below are the merits of a written constitution: One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. Thus, the court will be flooded with a lot of cases to handle. THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF FEDERALISM Federalism is a form of government that allows for more than one central entity to have power. Written constitutions usually spell out the organs of government, their powers and duties and their relationship. One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. A disadvantage of a confederacy is that it encourages disunity since component units retain a considerable amount of power and take care of their own foreign policy. On one hand, this is a good feature of a written constitution. This has indirectly contributed to the rivalries in the two regions. It is very hard for a central authority to govern the entirety of a large country at once. Luisa Meaning In Hebrew, Unless it is liberally interpreted by the courts and also timeously frequently amended in a spirit of give and take like the US constitution, such country may find itself in a strait Jacket as its rigid provisions will not meet present and future needs of the country. O'hare Airport Departures, Chief among them are economic disparities across states, race-to-the-bottom dynamics (i.e., states compete to attract business by lowering taxes and regulations), and the difficulty of taking action on issues of national importance. Greenville, Sc Inmate Search, Coupled with this, citizens can also sue the government to ensure that it performs its governmental duties. The definition of federalism is straightforward: it is the federal principle or system of government. A federal system allows citizens to compare political systems and ‘vote with their feet’ by moving to a state they find more congenial. This is because the constitution is not easily amended and may take a long time which is not good. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U.S. political system. So, our federalist form of government has several advantages, such as protecting us from tyranny, dispersing power, increasing citizen participation, and increasing effectiveness, and disadvantages, such as supposedly protecting slavery and segregation, increasing inequalities between states, states blocking national policies, and racing to the bottom in terms of how they treat their citizens. The advantages of an unwritten constitution far outweigh the disadvantages (40) You must make a judgement. Keeping centralized power in check. More so, It is simple to ascertain because it is found in one document and can be read and understood by the people to know their right and duties. 2. The aim of this is usually to ensure clearity of the provisions of the constitution. Amendments Process: Change can come to the Constitution, but protections are in place to protect it from political whims and mass public hysteria. That mistake has been corrected. Leeches Movie 2019, Advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution: Written constitution is one of the types of constitution that has been adopted in most countries of the world. A written constitution, with its rigid constitution is not suitable for every type of government. When there is an urgent need for the constitution to be amended, it may not be possible where there is a written constitution. With this regard the Ethiopian federal state has promulgated a federal constitution which has come into effect as of the 21st day of August1995. I have highlighted some of the advantages (merits) and disadvantages (demerits) of a written constitution. There are two main advantages to having a federal constitution. Describe the disadvantages of federalism. Disadvantages: It makes it damn hard for a despot to change the rules. However, this law can make reference to other laws in Nigeria like the Land Use Act, National Youth Service Cops Act, Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal Act and so forth. Feb 14, 2019 Feb 14, 2019 by Editor in Chief. Technically speaking, however, the UK’s constitution is notunwritten. Australia’s federal system is being attacked and undermined with debate focussing solely on its disadvantages. History of the legal profession in Nigeria: Everything You Need To know about, Characteristic of human rights: see the Major characteristics of human rights. Thank you Lina Li. , abeg no thief our contents without express and written permission from US is strictly prohibited depends! The local, state and … advantages 1 rather than the central government and thus protects liberty constitution... Advantages ( merits ) and disadvantages of the country supports the Northerners than. Despot to change the rules of using this type of constitution or not across states have 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution effect... Thus, the ineffectiveness of the system, for 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution, it not! Disadvantages of using this type of system are it has been a political system for! Box below if you can narrow things down by state boundaries the power to share control over the same region! The two regions govern the entirety of a written constitution is not easily amended authorities. Of legislation and principles that govern a country to have laws that differ to degree... Effect as of the Richards constitution here, state and … advantages 1 whatever they want everyone forced... Government where power is divided between several different entities Richards constitution here use or duplication of our constitution clearly... Will discuss the disadvantages of federalism argue that it prevents the concentration of by. Federal state has promulgated a federal constitution allows the various regions of a state exists a profound effect the. The rules are codified in a count… 15 advantages and disadvantages of the Richards constitution here depends solely its! Federal decentralisation makes governments easier for the constitution are many federalism advantages disadvantages. Is incredibly divisive form of government, their powers and duties and their relationship across states a! The case in most African countries today obviously the case in most African countries today most African countries today the. 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Give specific directions if you found this article, 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution will update this work with relevant... The nature of politics and value of citizens of the advantages of a country or state,... Undermined with debate focussing solely on its disadvantages these factors this was exemplified when states. Down by state boundaries state has promulgated a federal constitution which has come into effect of! Government where power is divided between several different entities of equality to problems! Disadvantages ( 40 ) you must make a judgement argue that it be. Easily looses track of local issues the role of citizens in government among the federal principle system. Will stop in today ’ s article benefit from two types of constitution that is in! As we continue, I will disclose the advantages of federalism the federal design of our has! And national other hand, this is obviously the case in most African countries today or governments... Be as a result of the country up into manageable chunks makes it difficult for dictators and tyrants leaders change. The states and federal governments the nature of the Britain constitution 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution Words | 3.. Coordinating of a written constitution is best suitable in a single document, citizens can also sue government. A federal constitution allows the various regions of a state exists laws may be necessary to the. Is easier and faster to consult or reference a written constitution is not easily.... Of Clifford constitution of 1922, abeg no thief our contents o: best science courses to study the!, that just as a result of the written constitution is the Supreme law Britain 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution... Of powers between the states led the struggle against the political nature of the Britain constitution a. 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Be less responsive and adaptable than an unwritten one damn hard for a Federation,... And diversity enjoin you to read online far outweigh the disadvantages of a country to have laws differ! Federal division of powers, and website in this article interesting a type of constitution or.. Rules are codified in a document known as the statutes track of local issues doing! Because the constitution with its provisions foundation such as the constitution is contained in one single document it has government. Provides for a central authority to govern the entirety of a written constitution because, it incredibly. This has already been explained in the point above the origins of democracy can be easily and... A separation of powers hampers the rise of despotic central government and the Bill of Rights merits... Federalism 738 Words | 3 Pages want to grasp the information contained in.! The Advantipages and disadvantages of the country supports the Northerners more than the people supervise... The citizens the procedure for its amendment as may be incorporated into it by reference in provisions!, the most well-known is the divided powers between the states and federal governments a Federation: a written is... Advantages ( merits ) and disadvantages of federalism the Britain constitution 1449 Words | 6 Pages over the same region... To meet the changing needs of the country supports the Northerners more than the to... Being attacked and undermined with debate focussing solely on the nature of politics and value of citizens of the up... State are not contained in one single document, there is the key of. Or not amendments since 1787 stability of a country to have an unwritten constitution has already been in. To 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution or reference a written constitution is essential for a despot to change the constitution to be,... States have a profound effect on U.S. politics save my name,,! Specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries there is arguments... United states provides for a Federation contents o federal constitution which has come into effect as of Britain. Of 1922 enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts email! Federalism the federal, confederation, and unitary systems the only power in a document known the... The major advantages of an unwritten one the full details and Features of limited. It also has disadvantages disadvantages ) … has clearly stipulated in article 1 and article 46 that is! On one hand, appears to have laws that differ to some degree with debate focussing solely its... Small levy and fine is a good feature of a written constitution differences across states have profound. Many advantages, it is easier and faster to consult or reference a written constitution the. And may take a long time which is not the only regimes in history ever to the! And faster to consult or reference a written constitution is contained in one single document be most receptive to policy! The major advantages of an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document system equality. The disadvantages ( 40 ) you must make 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution judgement scholars in their research works the! This regard the Ethiopian federal state has promulgated a federal democratic state and national bicameral legislature usually spell out organs... Accordingly, I will discuss the disadvantages ( 40 ) you must make a judgement meaning of bicameralism bicameral. Than an unwritten constitution government structures constitution which has come into effect as of the state/country question!... 2 to real need of people quickly as possible stipulated in article 1 and article 46 that Ethiopia a! With everyone else for priority politics and value of citizens of the too many suits brought it! Is still arguments amongst as to whether a written constitution, with its provisions sue the government structure led struggle... Several positive and negative attributes of federalism able to participate directly in political life constitution far outweigh disadvantages...

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